Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : DEF , HIJ , MNO , ?

a. STU

b. RST

c. RTV

d. SRQ

Answer- STU

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : AZ , CX , FU , ?

a. IR

b. IV

c. JQ

d. KP

Answer- JQ

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : BMX, DNW, FOU, ?

a. GHO

b. GPS

c. HPS

d. HPT

Answer- HPT

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives :DF, GJ, KM, NQ, RT, ?

a. UW

b. YZ

c. XZ

d. UX

Answer- UX

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : AZY, BUT, CXW, DWV, ?

a. EVA

b. EVU

c. VEU

d. VUE

Answer- EVU

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : ajs , gpy , ? , sbk , yhq

a. dmv

b. mve

c. oua

d. qzi

Answer- mve

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : WFB , TGD , QHG , ?

a. NIJ

b. NIK

c. NJK

d. OIK

Answer- NIK

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : PMT, OOS, NQR, MSQ, ?

a. LUP

b. LVP

c. LVR

d. LWP

Answer- LUP

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : A, G, L, P, S ?

a. U

b. W

c. X

d. Y

Answer- U

Explanation- A + 6 = G + 5 = L + 4 = P + 3 = S + 2 = U

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : DHL, PTX, BFJ ?

a. CCK

b. KOS

c. NRV

d. RVZ

Answer- NRV

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : Z, X, S, I, R, R, ?, ?

a. G, I

b. J, I

c. J, K

d. K, M

Answer- G, I

Explanation- Z - 2 = X - 5 = S - 10 = I - 17 = R - 26 = R - 37 = G - 50 = I

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : ABD , DGK, HMS, MTB, SBL, ?

a. XKW

b. ZAB

c. ZKU

d. ZKW

Answer- ZKW

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : U, B, I, P, W, ?

a. D

b. F

c. Q

d. Z

Answer- D

Explanation- U + 7 B + 7 I + 7 P + 7 W + 7 D

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : T, R, P, N, L , ?, ?

a. J, G

b. J, H

c. K, H

d. K, I

Answer- J, H

Explanation- T - 2 = R - 2 = P - 2 = N - 2 = L - 2 = J - 2 = H

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : Z, Y, X, U, T, S, P, O, N, K, ?, ?

a. H, G

b. H, I

c. I, H

d. J, I

Answer- J, I

Explanation- (Z→Y→X) - 3 (U→T→S) - 3 (P→O→N) - 3 (K→J→I)

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : b e d f ? h j ? l

a. i m

b. m i

c. i n

d. j m

Answer- i m

Explanation- The series may be divided into groups as shown: b e d / f ? h / j ? l Clearly in the first group, the second group and third group , letters are respectively three and two steps ahead of the first letter. A similar pattern would follow in the second and third groups.

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : H, I, K, N, ?

a. O

b. Q

c. R

d. S

Answer- R

Explanation- H + 1 = I + 2 = K + 3 = N + 4 = R

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : Z, W, S, P, L, I, E ?

a. B

b. D

c. F

d. K

Answer- B

Explanation- Z - 3 = W - 4 = S - 3 = P - 4 = L - 3 = I - 4 = E - 3 = B

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : a, d, c, f, ? , h, g, ? , i

a. e, j

b. e, k

c. f, j

d. j, e

Answer- e, j

Explanation- a + 3 = d - 1 = c + 3 = f - 1 = e + 3 = h - 1 = g + 3 = j - 1 = i

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : Y, W, T, P, K, E, X, ?, ?

a. G, H

b. P, G

c. R, G

d. S, R

Answer- P, G

Explanation- Y - 2 = W - 3 = T - 4 = P - 5 = K - 6 = E - 7 = X - 8 = P - 9 = G

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : A, D, H, M, ?, Z

a. T

b. G

c. N

d. S

Answer- S

Explanation- A + 3 = D + 4 = H + 5 = M + 6 = S + 7 = Z

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : Z, U, Q, ?, L

a. I

b. K

c. M

d. N

Answer- N

Explanation- Z - 5 = U - 4 = Q - 3 = N - 2 = L

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : A, I, P, V, A, E, ?

a. E

b. F

c. G

d. H

Answer- H

Explanation- A + 8 = I + 7 = P + 6 = V + 5 = A + 4 = E + 3 = H Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : A, B , N, C, D, O, E, F, P, ?, ?, ?

a. G, H, I

b. G, H, J

c. G, H, Q

d. J, K, L

Answer- G, H, Q

Explanation- The given series may be divided into 2 series: I: A, B, C, D, E, F, ?, ? and II: N, O, P, ? Clearly , the given series consists of two terms of followed by one term of II. The missing terms in I are G and H while the missing term in II is Q.

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : ejo tyd ins xch ?

a. nrw

b. mrw

c. msx

d. nsx

Answer- mrw

Explanation- There is a gap of four letters between the first and second, the second and third letters of each term, and also between the last letter of a term and the first letter of the next term.

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives :1st letter : Z, S, S, W, O, T, K, Q, G, ? , ?

a. N, C

b. N, D

c. O, C

d. O, D

Answer- N, C

Explanation- The given sequence is a combination of two series: I: Z, W, T, Q, ? and II: S, O, K, G,, ? The pattern in I is: Z - 3 = W - 3 = T - 3 = Q - 3 = N The pattern in II is : S - 4 = O - 4 = K - 4 = G - 4 = C

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : A, CD, GHI, ? , UVWXY

a. LMOP

b. MNO

c. MNOP

d. NOPQ

Answer- MNOP

Explanation- Each term consists of consecutive letters in order. The number of letters in the terms goes on increasing by one at each steps. Also, there is a gap of one letter between the last letter of the first term and the first letter of the second term; a gap of two letters between the last letter of the second term and the first letter of the third term; and so on. So, there should be a gap of three letters between the last letter of the third term and the first letter of the desired term.

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : A, B, B, D, C, F, D, D, H. E, ?, ?

a. E, F

b. F, G

c. F, I

d. J, F

Answer- J, F

Explanation- The given sequence is a combination of two series: I: 1st , 3rd, 5th, 7th, 9th, 11th terms i.e., A, B, C, D, E, ? II: 2nd, 4th, 6th, 8th, 10th terms i.e., B, D, F, H, ? Clearly , I: consists of consecutive letters while II: consists of alternate letters. So, the missing letter in I is F, while that in II is J. So, the missing terms i.e., 10th and 11th terms re J and F respectively.

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives :ADVENTURE, DEVENTURE, DVENTUR, ?, VENTU

a. DVENT

b. VENTURE

c. VENTUR

d. DVENTU

Answer- VENTUR

Explanation- One letter from the beginning and one from the end of a term are removed, one by one, in alternate setps,

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : Y, B, T, G, O, ?

a. N

b. M

c. L

d. K

Answer- L

Explanation- The given sequence is a combination of two series: I: Y, T, O and II: B, G, ? I: consists of 2nd, 7th and 12th letters from the end of the English alphabet, while II: consists of 2nd, 7th and 12th letters from the beginning of the English alphabet. So, the missing letter in is the 12th letter from the beginning of the English alphabet, which is L.

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : P E R P E N D I C U L A R, E R P E N D I C L A , R P E N D I C U L , ?

a. PENDICUL

b. PENDIC

c. ENDIC

d. None of these

Answer- None of these

Explanation- Each term of the series is obtained by removing two letters from the preceding term- one from the beginning and one from the end. So, the missing term is PENDICU.

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : C, Z, F, X, I, V, L, T, O, ?, ?

a. O, P

b. P, Q

c. R, R

d. S, R

Answer- R, R

Explanation- The given sequence is a combination of two series: I: C, F, I, L, O and II: Z, X, V, T, ? The pattern in I is :C + 3 F + 3 I + 3 L + 3 O + 3 R The pattern in II is: Z - 2 X - 2 V - 2 T - 2 R

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : ATTRIBUTION, TTRIBUTIO, RIBUTIO, IBUTI, ?

a. IBU

b. UT

c. UTI

d. BUT

Answer- UTI

Explanation- In the first step, one letter from the beginning and one from the end of a term are removed to give the next term. In the second step, two letters from the beginning of a term are removed. These two steps are repeated alternately.

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : M, N, O, L, R, I, V, ?

a. A

b. E

c. F

d. H

Answer- E

Explanation- The given sequence is a combination of two series: I: M, O, R, V and II: N, L, I, ? The pattern in I is: M + 2 = O + 3 = R + 4 = V The pattern in II is : N - 2 = L - 3 = I - 4 = E So, the missing letter is E.

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives :S-4, F-6, H-8, J-10, ?, ?

a. K-12, M-13

b. L-12, M-14

c. L-12, N-14

d. K-12, M-14

Answer- L-12, N-14

Explanation- The letters in the series are alternative and the numbers indicate their position in the English alphabet from the beginning.

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : C4X, F9U, I16R, ?

a. K25P

b. L25P

c. L25O

d. L27P

Answer- L25O

Que- 3F, 6G, 11I, 18L, ?

a. 21O

b. 25N

c. 25P

d. 27P

Answer- 27P

Explanation- Numbers : 3 + 3 = 6 + 5 = 11 + 7 = 18 + 9 = 27 Letters : F + 1 = G + 2 = I + 3 = L + 4 = P

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : 2Z5, 7Y7, 14X9, 23W11, 34V12, ?

a. 27U24

b. 45U15

c. 47U15

d. 47V14

Answer- 47U15

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : 2A11, 4D13, 12G17, ?

a. 36I19

b. 36J21

c. 48J21

d. 48J23

Answer- 48J23

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : W-144, ?, S-100, Q-81, O-64

a. U-121

b. U-122

c. V-121

d. V-128

Answer- U-121

Explanation- Letters : W - 2 = U - 2 = S - 2 = Q - 2 = O Numbers : 144 (122 ) → 121 (112 ) → 100 (102 ) → 81 (92 ) → 64 (82 )

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : N5V, K7T, ?, E14P, B19N

a. H9R

b. H10Q

c. H10R

d. I10R

Answer- H10R

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : Q1F, S2E, U6D, W21C, ?

a. Y44B

b. Y66B

c. Y88B

d. Z88B

Answer- Y88B

Que- Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives : KM5, IP8, GS11, EV14, ?

a. BX17

b. BY17

c. CY17

d. CY18

Answer- CY17

Que- Choose the correct order of the given alternative : FAK, IEM, LIO, ?

a. OMQ

b. OPQ

c. MNO

d. NOP

Answer- OMQ

Explanation- F A K +3 +4 +2 I E M +3 +4 +2 L I O +3 +4 +2 O M Q

Que- Choose the correct order of the given alternative : SHG, RIF, QJE, PKD, ?____________________

a. NME

b. NLB

c. OLE

d. OLC

Answer- OLC

Explanation- S - 1 = R - 1 = Q - 1 = P - 1 = O H + 1 = I + 1 = J + 1 = K + 1 = L G - 1 = F - 1 = E - 1 = D - 1 = C OLC is the answer.

Que- Choose the correct order of the given alternative : bc, cde, de, efg, fg, ?

a. ghi

b. fgh

c. hij

d. ijk

Answer- ghi

Explanation- In the series, last letter of the term is started to a new term and next two letter is included in the term. So, option (A) is the answer.

Que- Choose the correct order of the given alternative : C-3, E-5, G-7, I-9, ?, ?

a. X-24, M-21

b. K-11, M-13

c. O-15, X-24

d. M-18, K-14

Answer- K-11, M-13

Explanation- In the series, every letter has given its alphabetical series number and one letter is skipped in between. So, answer option (B) is correct.

Que- Choose the correct order of the given alternative : AFI, JOR, MRU, ?

a. GJU

b. HMP

c. MPO

d. RJL

Answer- HMP

Explanation- Each term follow these rules A + 5 = F F + 3 = I J + 5 = O O + 3 = R M + 5 = R R + 3 = U H + 5 = M M + 3 = P So Correct answer is HMP

Que- Find the missing number / letters / word from the given alternative: AYBZC, DWEXF, GUHVI, JSKTL, ?

a. MQORN

b. MQNRO

c. NQMOR

d. QMONR

Answer- MQNRO

Explanation- Ist letter : A + 3 = D + 3 = G + 3 = J + 3 = M 2nd letter : Y - 2 = W - 2 = U - 2 = S - 2 = Q 3rd letter : B + 3 = E + 3 = H + 3 = K + 3 = N 4th letter : Z - 2 = X - 2 = V - 2 = T - 2 = R 5th letter : C + 3 = F + 3 = I + 3 = L + 3 = O

Que- The total of the ages of Amar, Akbar and Anthony is 80 years. What was the total of their ages three years ago ?

a. 71 years

b. 72 years

c. 74 years

d. 77 years

Answer- 71 years

Explanation- Required sum = (80 - 3 x 3) years = (80 - 9) years = 71 years.

Que- Two bus tickets from city A to B and three tickets from city A to C cost Rs. 77 but three tickets from city A to B and two tickets from city A to C cost Rs. 73. What are the fares for cities B and C from A ?

a. Rs. 4, Rs. 23

b. Rs. 13, Rs. 17

c. Rs. 15, Rs. 14

d. Rs. 17, Rs. 13

Answer- Rs. 13, Rs. 17

Explanation- Let Rs. x be the fare of city B from city A and Rs. y be the fare of city C from city A. Then, 2x + 3y = 77 ...(i) and 3x + 2y = 73 ...(ii) Multiplying (i) by 3 and (ii) by 2 and subtracting, we get: 5y = 85 or y = 17. Putting y = 17 in (i), we get: x = 13.

Que- A, B, C, D and E play a game of cards. A says to B, "If you give me three cards, you will have as many as E has and if I give you three cards, you will have as many as D has." A and B together have 10 cards more than what D and E together have. If B has two cards more than what C has and the total number of cards be 133, how many cards does B have ?

a. 22

b. 23

c. 25

d. 35

Answer- 25

Explanation- Clearly, we have : B - 3 = E ...(i) B + 3 = D ...(ii) A+B = D + E+10 ...(iii) B = C + 2 ...(iv) A+B + C + D + E= 133 ...(v) From (i) and (ii), we have : 2 B = D + E ...(vi) From (iii) and (vi), we have : A = B + 10 ...(vii) Using (iv), (vi) and (vii) in (v), we get: (B + 10) + B + (B - 2) + 2B = 133 ⇔ 5B = 125 ⇔ B = 25.

Que- A pineapple costs Rs. 7 each. A watermelon costs Rs. 5 each. X spends Rs. 38 on these fruits. The number of pineapples purchased is

a. 2

b. 3

c. 4

d. Data inadequate

Answer- 4

Que- A woman says, "If you reverse my own age, the figures represent my husband's age. He is, of course, senior to me and the difference between our ages is one-eleventh of their sum." The woman's age is

a. 23 years

b. 34 years

c. 45 years

d. None of these

Answer- 45 years

Explanation- Let x and y be the ten's and unit's digits respectively of the numeral denoting the woman's age. Then, woman's age = (10X + y) years; husband's age = (10y + x) years. Therefore (10y + x)- (10X + y) = (1/11) (10y + x + 10x + y) ⇔ (9y-9x) = (1/11)(11y + 11x) = (x + y) ⇔ 10x = 8y ⇔ x = (4/5)y Clearly, y should be a single-digit multiple of 5, which is 5. So, x = 4, y = 5. Hence, woman's age = 10x + y = 45 years.

Que- A girl counted in the following way on the fingers of her left hand : She started by calling the thumb 1, the index finger 2, middle finger 3, ring finger 4, little finger 5 and then reversed direction calling the ring finger 6, middle finger 7 and so on. She counted upto 1994. She ended counting on which finger ?

a. Thumb

b. Index finger

c. Middle finger

d. Ring finger

Answer- Index finger

Explanation- Clearly, while counting, the numbers associated to the thumb will be : 1, 9,17, 25,..... i.e. numbers of the form (8n + 1). Since 1994 = 249 x 8 + 2, so 1993 shall correspond to the thumb and 1994 to the index finger.

Que- A man has Rs. 480 in the denominations of one-rupee notes, five-rupee notes and ten-rupee notes. The number of notes of each denomination is equal. What is the total number of notes that he has ?

a. 45

b. 60

c. 75

d. 90

Answer- 90

Explanation- Let number of notes of each denomination be x. Then, x + 5x + 10x = 480 ⇔ 16x = 480 ⇔ x = 30. Hence, total number of notes = 3x = 90.

Que- In a garden, there are 10 rows and 12 columns of mango trees. The distance between the two trees is 2 metres and a distance of one metre is left from all sides of the boundary of the garden. The length of the garden is

a. 20 m

b. 22 m

c. 24 m

d. 26 m

Answer- 24 m

Explanation- Each row contains 12 plants. There are 11 gapes between the two corner trees (11 x 2) metres and 1 metre on each side is left. Therefore Length = (22 + 2) m = 24 m.

Que- In a class of 60 students, the number of boys and girls participating in the annual sports is in the ratio 3 : 2 respectively. The number of girls not participating in the sports is 5 more than the number of boys not participating in the sports. If the number of boys participating in the sports is 15, then how many girls are there in the class ?

a. 20

b. 25

c. 30

d. Data inadequate

Answer- 30

Explanation- Let the number of boys and girls participating in sports be 3x and 2x respectively. Then, 3x = 15 or x = 5. So, number of girls participating in sports = 2x = 10. Number of students not participating in sports = 60 - (15 + 10) = 35. Let number of boys not participating in sports be y. Then, number of girls not participating in sports = (35 -y). Therefore (35 - y) = y + 5 ⇔ 2y ⇔ 30 ⇔ y = 15. So, number of girls not participating in sports = (35 - 15) = 20. Hence, total number of girls in the class = (10 + 20) = 30.

Que- There are deer and peacocks in a zoo. By counting heads they are 80. The number of their legs is 200. How many peacocks are there ?

a. 20

b. 30

c. 50

d. 60

Answer- 60

Explanation- Let x and y be the number of deer and peacocks in the zoo respectively. Then, x + y = 80 ...(i) and 4x + 2y = 200 or 2x + y = 100 ...(ii) Solving (i) and (ii), we get) x = 20, y = 60.

Que- A man wears socks of two colours - Black and brown. He has altogether 20 black socks and 20 brown socks in a drawer. Supposing he has to take out the socks in the dark, how many must he take out to be sure that he has a matching pair ?

a. 3

b. 20

c. 39

d. None of these

Answer- 3

Explanation- Since there are socks of only two colours, so two out of any three socks must always be of the same colour.

Que- Mac has £ 3 more than Ken, but then Ken wins on the horses and trebles his money, so that he now has £ 2 more than the original amount of money that the two boys had between them. How much money did Mac and Ken have between them before Ken's win ?

a. £ 9

b. £ 11

c. £ 13

d. £ 15

Answer- £ 13

Explanation- Let money with Ken = x. Then, money with Mac = x + £ 3. Now, 3x = (x + x + £ 3) + £ 2 ⇔ x = £ 5. Therefore Total money with Mac and Ken = 2x + £ 3 = £ 13.

Que- A waiter's salary consists of his salary and tips. During one week his tips were 5/4 of his salary. What fraction of his income came from tips ?

a. 9/4/2020 12:00:00 AM

b. 4/5/2020 12:00:00 AM

c. 8/5/2020 12:00:00 AM

d. 9/5/2020 12:00:00 AM

Answer- 9/5/2020 12:00:00 AM

Que- A, B, C, D and E play a game of cards. A says to B, "If you give me 3 cards, you will have as many as I have at this moment while if D takes 5 cards from you, he will have as many as E has." A and C together have twice as many cards as E has. B and D together also have the same number of cards as A and C taken together. If together they have 150 cards, how many cards has C got ?

a. 28

b. 29

c. 31

d. 35

Answer- 28

Explanation- Clearly, we have : A = B - 3 ...(i) D + 5 = E ...(ii) A+C = 2E ...(iii) B + D = A+C = 2E ...(iv) A+B + C + D + E=150 ...(v) From (iii), (iv) and (v), we get: 5E = 150 or E = 30. Putting E = 30 in (ii), we get: D = 25. Putting E = 30 and D = 25 in (iv), we get: B = 35. Putting B = 35 in (i), we get: A = 32. Putting A = 32 and E = 30 in (iii), we get: C = 28.

Que- In a city, 40% of the adults are illiterate while 85% of the children are literate. If the ratio of the adults to that of the children is 2 : 3, then what percent of the population is literate ?

a. 0.2

b. 0.25

c. 0.5

d. 0.75

Answer- 0.75

Que- Today is Varun's birthday. One year, from today he will be twice as old as he was 12 years ago. How old is Varun today ?

a. 20 years

b. 22 years

c. 25 years

d. 27 years

Answer- 25 years

Explanation- Let Varan's age today = x years. Then, Varan's age after 1 year = (x + 1) years. Therefore x + 1 = 2 (x - 12) ⇔ x + 1 = 2x - 24 ⇔ x = 25.

Que- Mr. Johnson was to earn £ 300 and a free holiday for seven weeks' work. He worked for only 4 weeks and earned £ 30 and a free holiday. What was the value of the holiday?

a. £ 300

b. £ 330

c. £ 360

d. £ 420

Answer- £ 330

Que- What is the smallest number of ducks that could swim in this formation - two ducks in front of a duck, two ducks behind a duck and a duck between two ducks ?

a. 3

b. 5

c. 7

d. 9

Answer- 3

Explanation- Clearly, the smallest such number is 3. Three ducks can be arranged as shown above to satisfy all the three given conditions.

Que- In a class, 20% of the members own only two cars each, 40% of the remaining own three cars each and the remaining members own only one car each. Which of the following statements is definitely true from the given statements ?

a. Only 20% of the total members own three cars each.

b. 48% of the total members own only one car each.

c. 60% of the total members own at least two cars each.

d. 80% of the total members own at least one car.

Answer- 48% of the total members own only one car each.

Explanation- Let total number of members be 100, Then, number of members owning only 2 cars = 20. Number of members owning 3 cars = 40% of 80 = 32. Number of members owning only 1 car = 100 - (20 + 32) = 48. Thus, 48% of the total members own one car each.

Que- Ravi's brother is 3 years senior to him. His father was 28 years of age when his sister was born while his mother was 26 years of age when he was born. If his sister was 4 years of age when his brother was born, what were the ages of Ravi's father and mother respectively when his brother was born ?

a. 32 years, 23 years

b. 32 years, 29 years

c. 35 years, 29 years

d. 35 years, 33 years

Answer- 32 years, 23 years

Explanation- When Ravi's brother was born, let Ravi's father's age = x years and mother's age = y years. Then, sister's age = (x - 28) years. So, x - 28 = 4 or x = 32. Ravi's age = (y - 26) years. Age of Ravi's brother = (y - 26 + 3) years = (y - 23) years. Now, when Ravi's brother was born, his age = 0 i.e. y - 23 = 0 or y = 23.

Que- The number of boys in a class is three times the number of girls. Which one of the following numbers cannot represent the total number of children in the class ?

a. 48

b. 44

c. 42

d. 40

Answer- 42

Explanation- Let number of girls = x and number of boys = 3x. Then, 3x + x = 4x = total number of students. Thus, to find exact value of x, the total number of students must be divisible by 4.

Que- In a cricket match, five batsmen A, B, C, D and E scored an average of 36 runs. D Scored 5 more than E; E scored 8 fewer than A; B scored as many as D and E combined; and B and C scored 107 between them. How many runs did E score ?

a. 62

b. 45

c. 28

d. 20

Answer- 20

Explanation- Total runs scored = (36 x 5) = 180. Let the runs scored by E be x. Then, runs scored by D = x + 5; runs scored by A = x + 8; runs scored by B = x + x + 5 = 2x + 5; runs scored by C = (107 - B) = 107 - (2x + 5) = 102 - 2x. So, total runs = (x + 8) + (2x + 5) + (102 - 2x) + (x + 5) + x = 3x + 120. Therefore 3x + 120 =180 ⇔ 3X = 60 ⇔ x = 20.

Que- In a family, each daughter has the same number of brothers as she has sisters and each son has twice as many sisters as he has brothers. How many sons are there in the family ?

a. 2

b. 3

c. 4

d. 5

Answer- 3

Explanation- Let d and s represent the number of daughters and sons respectively. Then, we have : d - 1 = s and 2 (s - 1) = d. Solving these two equations, we get: d = 4, s = 3.

Que- At a dinner party every two guests used a bowl of rice between them, every three guests used a bowl of dal between them and every four used a bowl of meat between them. There were altogether 65 dishes. How many guests were present at the party ?

a. 60

b. 65

c. 90

d. None of these

Answer- 60

Que- Ayush was born two years after his father's marriage. His mother is five years younger than his father but 20 years older than Ayush who is 10 years old. At what age did the father get married ?

a. 23 years

b. 25 years

c. 33 years

d. 35 years

Answer- 23 years

Explanation- Ayush's present age = 10 years. His mother's present age = (10 + 20) years = 30 years. Ayush's father's present age = (30 + 5) years = 35 years. Ayush's father's age at the time of Ayush's birth = (35 - 10) years = 25 years. Therefore Ayush's father's age at the time of marriage = (25 - 2) years = 23 years.

Que- I have a few sweets to be distributed. If I keep 2, 3 or 4 in a pack, I am left with one sweet. If I keep 5 in a pack, I am left with none. What is the minimum number of sweets I have to pack and distribute ?

a. 25

b. 37

c. 54

d. 65

Answer- 25

Explanation- Clearly, the required number would be such that it leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by 2, 3 or 4 and no remainder when divided by 5. Such a number is 25.

Que- A fires 5 shots to B's 3 but A kills only once in 3 shots while B kills once in 2 shots. When B has missed 27 times, A has killed

a. 30 birds

b. 60 birds

c. 72 birds

d. 90 birds

Answer- 30 birds

Que- In a family, a couple has a son and a daughter. The age of the father is three times that of his daughter and the age of the son is half of that of his mother. The wife is 9 years younger to her husband and the brother is seven years older than his sister. What is the age of the mother ?

a. 40 years

b. 45 years

c. 50 years

d. 60 years

Answer- 60 years

Explanation- Let the daughter's age be x years. Then, father's age = (3x) years. Mother's age = (3x - 9) years; Son's age = (x + 7) years. So, x + 7 = (3x-9)/2 ⇔ 2x + 14 = 3x - 9 ⇔ x = 23. Therefore Mother's age = (3X - 9) = (69 - 9) years = 60 years.

Que- A player holds 13 cards of four suits, of which seven are black and six are red. There are twice as many diamonds as spades and twice as many hearts as diamonds. How many clubs does he hold ?

a. 4

b. 5

c. 6

d. 7

Answer- 6

Explanation- Clearly, the black cards are either clubs or spades while the red cards are either diamonds or hearts. Let the number of spades be x. Then, number of clubs = (7 - x). Number of diamonds = 2 x number of spades = 2x; Number of hearts = 2 x number of diamonds = 4x. Total number of cards = x + 2x + 4x + 7 - x = 6x + 7. Therefore 6x + 7 = 13 ⇔ 6x = 6 ⇔ x - 1. Hence, number of clubs = (7 - x) = 6.

Que- The taxi charges in a city comprise of a fixed charge, together with the charge of the distance covered. For a journey of 16 km, the charges paid are Rs. 156 and for a journey of 24 km, the charges paid are Rs. 204. What will a person have to pay for travelling a distance of 30 km?

a. Rs. 236

b. Rs. 240

c. Rs. 248

d. Rs. 252

Answer- Rs. 240

Explanation- Let the fixed charge be Rs. x and variable charge be Rs.y per km. Then, x + 16y = 156 ...(i) and x + 24y = 204 ...(ii) Solving (i) and (ii), we get: x = 60, y = 6. Therefore Cost of travelling 30 km = 60 + 30 y = Rs. (60 + 30 x 6) = Rs. 240.

Que- At the end of a business conference the ten people present all shake hands with each other once. How many handshakes will there be altogether ?

a. 20

b. 45

c. 55

d. 90

Answer- 45

Explanation- Clearly, total number of handshakes = (9+ 8 + 7 + 6 + 5 + 4 + 3 + 2+1) = 45.

Que- After distributing the sweets equally among 25 children, 8 sweets remain. Had the number of children been 28, 22 sweets would have been left after equal distribution. What was the total number of sweets ?

a. 328

b. 348

c. 358

d. Data inadequate

Answer- 358

Explanation- Let the total number of sweets be (25x + 8). Then, (25x + 8) - 22 is divisible by 28 ⇔ (25x - 14) is divisible by 28 ⇔ 28x - (3x + 14) is divisible by 28 ⇔ (3x + 14) is divisible by 28 ⇔ x = 14. Therefore Total number of sweets = (25 x 14 + 8) = 358.

Que- A group of 1200 persons consisting of captains and soldiers is travelling in a train. For every 15 soldiers there is one captain. The number of captains in the group is

a. 85

b. 80

c. 75

d. 70

Answer- 75

Explanation- Clearly, out of every 16 persons, there is one captain. So, number of captains (1200/16) = 75.

Que- A monkey climbs 30 feet at the beginning of each hour and rests for a while when he slips back 20 feet before he again starts climbing in the beginning of the next hour. If he begins his ascent at 8.00 a.m., at what time will he first touch a flag at 120 feet from the ground?

a. 4 p.m.

b. 5 p.m.

c. 6 p.m.

d. None of these

Answer- 6 p.m.

Explanation- Net ascent of the monkey in 1 hour = (30 - 20) feet = 10 feet. So, the monkey ascends 90 feet in 9 hours i.e. till 5 p.m. Clearly, in the next 1 hour i.e. till 6 p.m. the monkey ascends remaining 30 feet to touch the flag.

Que- A number consists of two digits whose sum is 11. If 27 is added to the number, then the digits change their places. What is the number ?

a. 47

b. 65

c. 83

d. 92

Answer- 47

Explanation- Let the ten's digit be x. Then, unit's digit = (11 - x). So, number = 10x + (11 - x) = 9x + 11. Therefore (9x + 11) + 27 = 10 (11 - x) + x ⇔ 9x + 38 = 110 - 9x ⇔ 18x = 72 ⇔ x = 4. Thus, ten's digit = 4 and unit's digit = 7. Hence, required number = 47.

Que- An enterprising businessman earns an income of Re. 1 on the first day of his business. On every subsequent day, he earns an income which is just double of that made on the previous day. One the 10th day of business, his income is

a. Rs. 29

b. Rs. 210

c. Rs. 10

d. Rs. 102

Answer- Rs. 29

Explanation- Income on the first day = Re. 1. Income on the 2nd day = Rs. (1x2) = Rs. 21. Income on the 3rd day = Rs. (21 x 2) = Rs. 22 and so on. Thus, Income on the rath day = Rs. 2n-1. Therefore Income on the 10th day = Rs. 29.

Que- On Children's Day, sweets were to be equally distributed among 175 children in a school. Actually on the Children's Day, 35 children were absent and therefore each child got 4 sweets extra. Total how many sweets were available for distribution ?

a. 2400

b. 2480

c. 2680

d. 2800

Answer- 2800

Que- A and B are brothers. C and D are sisters. A's son is D's brother. How is B related to C ?

a. Father

b. Brother

c. Uncle

d. Grandfather

Answer- Uncle

Explanation- C and D are the daughters of A and B is the uncle of C.

Que- A is son of C while C and Q are the sisters to one another. Z is the mother of Q. If P is the son of Z, Which one of the following statements is correct ?

a. Q is the grandfather of A

b. P is the maternal uncle of A

c. P is the cousin of A

d. Z is the brother of C

Answer- P is the maternal uncle of A

Explanation- Since, C and Q are sisters to one another and A is the son of C. Hence, C is the mother of A, therefore, Z is maternal grandmother of A. As P is the son of Z. Hence, P is the maternal uncle of A.

Que- Pointing at a photo, Dinesh said, "His father is only son of my mother." The photo belongs to-

a. Dinesh

b. Dinesh's brother

c. Dinesh's father

d. Dinesh's son

Answer- Dinesh's son

Explanation- Since, the only son of the mother of Dinesh, is Dinesh, therefore, the photo belongs to Dinesh's son.

Que- Looking at a portrait of a man, Sanjay said, "His mother is the wife of my father's son. Brothers and sisters I have none." At whose portrait was Sanjay Looking.

a. His son

b. His nephew

c. His cousin

d. His uncle

Answer- His son

Explanation- Since, Sanjay has neither a sister nor a brother, therefore, Sanjay is the only son of his father. Hence, the mother of the portrait is wife of Sanjay. Therefore, portrait was of Sanjay's son.

Que- A man said to a lady, "The son of your only brother is the brother of my wife." What is the lady to the man.

a. Mother

b. Sister

c. Sister of father-in-law

d. Grandfather

Answer- Sister of father-in-law

Explanation- Since, the son of the only brother of the lady is the nephew of the lady, Therefore, the wife of the man is the niece of the lady. Hence, the lady is the sister of the father-in-law of the man.

Que- If A is the brother of B and K, D is the the mother of B and E is the father of A. Which one of the following statement is not definitely true ?

a. B is the brother of K

b. A is the father of K

c. A is the son of D

d. D is the wife of E

Answer- A is the father of K

Explanation- In the family, E is the father whose wife is D. E has three children A, B and K out of which A is the son. Hence, A cannot be the father of K.

Que- Introducing a lady, a man said, "Her mother is the only daughter of my mother-in-law." What is the man to the lady ?

a. Son

b. Father

c. Uncle

d. Husband

Answer- Father

Explanation- Since, the mother-in-law of the man is the mother of the lady's mother, therefore, the lady is the daughter of the man.

Que- Introducing a woman, a man said, "Her mother's husband's sister is my aunt." How man is related to the woman ?

a. Nephew

b. Brother

c. brother-in-law

d. Cousin

Answer- Brother

Explanation- Her mother's husband means her father and her father's sister is man's aunt. Therefore, the man and woman are brother and sister.

Que- Leela, who is Sohan's daughter, says to Latika, "Your mother Alka is the younger sister of my father who is the third child of Gajanan." What is the relation of Gajanan to Latika ?

a. Father

b. Uncle

c. Grandfather

d. Father-in-law

Answer- Grandfather

Explanation- As Alka is the sister of Sohan and Sohan is the third child of Gajanan, therefore, Alka will be the daughter of Gajanan. But Latika is the daughter of Alka, So, Gajanan will be grandfather of Latika.

Que- Old man's son is my son's uncle, then what relation has the old man with me ?

a. Brother

b. Father

c. Grandfather

d. Uncle

Answer- Father

Explanation- Since, Old man's son is my son's uncle. My Son's Uncle = My Brother. So, old man's son is my brother. Hence, the old man is my father.

Que- There are five persons sitting on a bench. Blue eyed lady sitting in the middle is my mother. At the extreme left, the man with grey hair is my maternal uncle. Lady sitting at the extreme right is having a pimple on her nose and is the wife of person who is sitting between blue eyed lady and grey haired man and has a pointed nose. A lady having marks on her face is the younger sister of the blue eyed lady and sitting on the remaining fifth place. The person having a pointed nose is the son of the blue eyed lady. What is the lady having marks on her face to the man sitting at extreme left ?

a. Wife

b. Maternal Aunt

c. Sister

d. Sister-in-law

Answer- Sister

Explanation- The man sitting at the extreme left is my maternal uncle and the lady having marks on her face is my mother's sister. Hence, the lady having marks on her face is the sister of the man sitting at the extreme left.

Que- Akash said to Mohit, "That boy in blue shirt is younger of the two brothers of the daughter of my father's wife." How is the boy in the blue shirt related to Akash ?

a. Father

b. Uncle

c. Brother

d. Nephew

Answer- Brother

Explanation- The daughter of Akash's father's wife is the sister of Akash and brother of the daughter is the brother of Akash.

Que- Arun said, "This girl is the wife of the grandson of my mother." Who is Arun to the girl?

a. Father

b. Grandfather

c. Husband

d. Father-in-law

Answer- Father-in-law

Explanation- Mother's grandson → Son. Son's wife → Daughter-in-law.

Que- Pointing to Ketan, Namarata Said, "He is the son of my father's only son." How Ketan's mother related to Namarata?

a. Daughter

b. Aunt

c. Sister

d. Sister-in-law

Answer- Sister-in-law

Explanation- Namarata's father's only son's Namarata's brother. So, ketan is the son of Namarata's brother. thus. Ketan's mother is the wife of Namarata's brother i.e. Namarata's Sister-in-law.

Que- A, B and C are sisters, D is the brother of E and E is the daughter of B. How is A related to D ?

a. Sister

b. Cousin

c. Niece

d. Aunt

Answer- Aunt

Explanation- E is the daughter of B and D is the brother of E. So, D is the son of B. Also, A is the sister of B. Thus, A is D's aunt.

Que- P's father is Q's son. M is the paternal uncle of P and N is the Brother of Q. How is N related to M ?

a. Brother

b. Cousin

c. Nephew

d. Data indequate

Answer- Data indequate

Explanation- P's father is Q's son. So, Q is P's grandfather. M is the paternal uncle of P. So M is the brother of P's father. This means that M is also Q's son. N is the brother of Q. Because Q's gender is not specified therefore correct answer is option 4.

Que- A girl introduced a boy as the son of the daughter of father of her uncle. The boy is girl's :

a. Brother

b. Son

c. Uncle

d. So-in-law

Answer- Brother

Explanation- Daughter of uncle's father → Uncle's sister → Mother. Mother's son → Brother.

Que- Suresh's sister is the wife of Ram. Ram is Rani's brother. Ram's father is Madhur. Sheetal is Ram's grandmother. Rema is Sheetal's daughter-in-law. Rohit is Rani's brother's son. Who is Rohit to Suresh ?

a. Brother-in-law

b. Son

c. Brother

d. Nephew

Answer- Nephew

Explanation- Suresh sister's husband → Ram. Ram's sister → Rani. Rani's brother's son → Rohit Rohit is the Nephew of Suresh.

Que- Vinod introduces Vishal as the son of the only brother of his father's wife. How is Vinod related to Vishal ?

a. Cousin

b. Brother

c. Son

d. Uncle

Answer- Cousin

Explanation- Vinod's father → Uncle of Vishal. Vinod's Cousin → Vishal.

Que- Pointing to a man, Roshani said that his wife is the only daughter-in-law of my father-in-law Mohan. How is the man related to Mohan?

a. Son

b. Uncle

c. Father

d. Brother

Answer- Son

Explanation- Son

Que- Pointing to a photograph of a boy Suresh said, "He is the son of the only son of my mother." How is Suresh related to that boy?

a. Brother

b. Uncle

c. Cousin

d. Father

Answer- Father

Explanation- The boy in the photograph is the only son of the son of Suresh's mother i.e., the son of Suresh. Hence, Suresh is the father of boy.

Que- If A + B means A is the mother of B; A - B means A is the brother B; A % B means A is the father of B and A x B means A is the sister of B, which of the following shows that P is the maternal uncle of Q?

a. Q - N + M x P

b. P + S x N - Q

c. P - M + N x Q

d. Q - S % P

Answer- P - M + N x Q

Explanation- P - M → P is the brother of M M + N → M is the mother of N N x Q → N is the sister of Q Therefore, P is the maternal uncle of Q.

Que- If A is the brother of B; B is the sister of C; and C is the father of D, how D is related to A?

a. Brother

b. Sister

c. Nephew

d. Cannot be determined

Answer- Cannot be determined

Explanation- If D is Male, the answer is Nephew. If D is Female, the answer is Niece. As the sex of D is not known, hence, the relation between D and A cannot be determined. Note: Niece - A daughter of one's brother or sister, or of one's brother-in-law or sister-in-law. Nephew - A son of one's brother or sister, or of one's brother-in-law or sister-in-law.

Que- If A + B means A is the brother of B; A - B means A is the sister of B and A x B means A is the father of B. Which of the following means that C is the son of M?

a. M - N x C + F

b. F - C + N x M

c. N + M - F x C

d. M x N - C + F

Answer- M x N - C + F

Explanation- M x N → M is the father of N N - C → N is the sister of C and C + F → C is the brother of F. Hence, M is the father of C or C is the son of M.

Que- Introducing a boy, a girl said, "He is the son of the daughter of the father of my uncle." How is the boy related to the girl?

a. Brother

b. Nephew

c. Uncle

d. Son-in-law

Answer- Brother

Explanation- The father of the boy's uncle → the grandfather of the boy and daughter of the grandfather → sister of father.

Que- Pointing to a photograph Lata says, "He is the son of the only son of my grandfather." How is the man in the photograph related to Lata?

a. Brother

b. Uncle

c. Cousin

d. Data is inadequate

Answer- Brother

Explanation- The man in the photograph is the son of the only son of Lata's grandfather i.e., the man is the son of Lata's father. Hence, the man is the brother of Lata.

Que- If A + B means A is the brother of B; A x B means A is the son of B; and A % B means B is the daughter of A then which of the following means M is the maternal uncle of N?

a. M + O x N

b. M % O x N + P

c. M + O % N

d. None of these

Answer- None of these

Explanation- Because the sex of O is not known.

Que- If D is the brother of B, how B is related to C? To answer this question which of the statements is/are necessary?

a. The son of D is the grandson of C.

b. B is the sister of D.

c. Only 1

d. Only 2

Answer- None

Explanation-

Que- If A + B means A is the father of B; A - B means A is the brother B; A % B means A is the wife of B and A x B means A is the mother of B, which of the following shows that M is the maternal grandmother of T?

a. M x N % S + T

b. M x N - S % T

c. M x S - N % T

d. M x N x S % T

Answer- M x N % S + T

Explanation- M x N → M is the mother of N N % S → N is the wife of S and S + T → is the father of T. Hence, M is the maternal grandmother of T.

Que- Pointing to a photograph. Bajpai said, "He is the son of the only daughter of the father of my brother." How Bajpai is related to the man in the photograph?

a. Nephew

b. Brother

c. Father

d. Maternal Uncle

Answer- Maternal Uncle

Explanation- The man in the photo is the son of the sister of Bajpai. Hence, Bajpai is the maternal uncle of the man in the photograph.

Que- Deepak said to Nitin, "That boy playing with the football is the younger of the two brothers of the daughter of my father's wife." How is the boy playing football related to Deepak?

a. Son

b. Brother

c. Cousin

d. Brother-in-law

Answer- Brother

Explanation- Father's wife → mother. Hence, the daughter of the mother means sister and sister's younger brother means brother. Therefore, the boy is the brother of Deepak.

Que- Pointing a photograph X said to his friend Y, "She is the only daughter of the father of my mother." How X is related to the person of photograph?

a. Daughter

b. Son

c. Nephew

d. Cannot be decided

Answer- Son

Explanation- 'The only daughter of the father of X's mother' means mother of X. Hence X is the son of the lady in the photograph. Note: Still have doubt like "How X is a male?"

Que- Veena who is the sister-in-law of Ashok, is the daughter-in-law of Kalyani. Dheeraj is the father of Sudeep who is the only brother of Ashok. How Kalyani is related to Ashok?

a. Mother-in-law

b. Aunt

c. Wife

d. None of these

Answer- None of these

Explanation- Ashok is the only brother of Sudeep and Veena is the sister-in-law of Ashok. Hence Veena is the wife of Sudeep. Kalyani is the mother-in-law of Veena. Kalyani is the mother of Ashok.

Que- If A + B means A is the sister of B; A x B means A is the wife of B, A % B means A is the father of B and A - B means A is the brother of B. Which of the following means T is the daughter of P?

a. P x Q % R + S - T

b. P x Q % R - T + S

c. P x Q % R + T - S

d. P x Q % R + S + T

Answer- P x Q % R - T + S

Explanation- P x Q → P is the wife of Q Q % R → Q is the father of R R - T → R is the brother of T T + S → T is the sister of S. Therefore, T is the daughter of P.

Que- Pointing to a woman, Abhijit said, "Her granddaughter is the only daughter of my brother." How is the woman related to Abhijit?

a. Sister

b. Grandmother

c. Mother-in-law

d. Mother

Answer- Mother

Explanation- Daughter of Abhijit's brother → niece of Abhijit. Thus the granddaughter of the woman is Abhijit's niece. Hence, the woman is the mother of Abhijit.

Que- Amit said - "This girl is the wife of the grandson of my mother". How is Amit related to the girl?

a. Brother

b. Grandfather

c. Husband

d. Father-in-law

Answer- Father-in-law

Explanation- The girl is the wife of grandson of Amit's mother i.e., the girl is the wife of son of Amit. Hence, Amit is the father-in-law of the girl.

Que- A and B are children of D. Who is the father of A? To answer this question which of the statements (1) and (2) is necessary? (01) C is the brother of A and the son of E. (02)F is the mother B.

a. Only (1)

b. Only (2)

c. Either (1) or (2)

d. (1) and (2) both

Answer- Only (2)

Explanation- A and B are children of D. From (1), C is the brother B and son of E. Since, the sex of D and E are not known. Hence (1) is not sufficient to answer the question. From (2). F is the mother of B. Hence, F is also the mother of A. Hence D is the father of A. Thus, (2) is sufficient to answer the question.

Que- Pointing towards a man, a woman said, "His mother is the only daughter of my mother." How is the woman related to the man?

a. Mother

b. Grandmother

c. Sister

d. Daughter

Answer- Mother

Explanation- Only daughter of my mother → myself. Hence, the woman is the mother of the man.

Que- Introducing Sonia, Aamir says, "She is the wife of only nephew of only brother of my mother." How Sonia is related to Aamir?

a. Wife

b. Sister

c. Sister-in-law

d. Data is inadequate

Answer- Wife

Explanation- Brother of mother means maternal uncle. Hence only nephew of Aamir's maternal uncle means Aamir himself. Therefore Sonia is the wife of Aamir.

Que- If A + B means A is the brother of B; A % B means A is the father of B and A x B means A is the sister of B. Which of the following means M is the uncle of P?

a. M % N x P

b. N x P % M

c. M + S % R % P

d. M + K % T x P

Answer- M + K % T x P

Explanation- M + K → M is the brother of K K % T → K is the father of T T x P → T is the sister of P Therefore, K is the father of P and M is the uncle of P.

Que- Pointing to Varman, Madhav said, "I am the only son of one of the sons of his father." How is Varman related to Madhav?

a. Nephew

b. Uncle

c. Father or Uncle

d. Father

Answer- Father or Uncle

Explanation- Madhav is the only son of one of the sons of Varman's father → Either Varman is the father or uncle of Madhav.

Que- Introducing a woman, Shashank said, "She is the mother of the only daughter of my son." How that woman is related to Shashank?

a. Daughter

b. Sister-in-law

c. Wife

d. Daughter-in-law

Answer- Daughter-in-law

Explanation- The woman is the mother of Shashank's granddaughter. Hence, the woman is the daughter-in-law of Shashank.

Que- If A + B means B is the brother of A; A x B means B is the husband of A; A - B means A is the mother of B and A % B means A is the father of B, which of the following relations shows that Q is the grandmother of T?

a. Q - P + R % T

b. P x Q % R - T

c. P x Q % R + T

d. P + Q % R - T

Answer- Q - P + R % T

Explanation- Q - P → Q is the mother of P P + R → R is the brother of P Hence, → q is the mother of R R % T → R is the father of T. Hence, Q is the grandmother of T.

Que- Pointing to a photograph Anjali said, "He is the son of the only son of my grandfather." How is the man in the photograph related to Anjali?

a. Brother

b. Uncle

c. Son

d. Data is inadequate

Answer- Brother

Explanation- The man in the photograph is son of Anjali's grandfather's son i.e., the son of Anjali's father. Hence, the boy is the brother of Anjali.

Que- Pointing to a person, Deepak said, "His only brother is the father of my daughter's father". How is the person related to Deepak?

a. Father

b. Grandfather

c. Uncle

d. Brother-in-law

Answer- Uncle

Explanation- Father of Deepak's daughter's father → Deepak's father. Hence, the person in the brother of Deepak's father. Therefore, the person is the uncle of Deepak.

Que- P is the mother of K; K is the sister of D; D is the father of J. How is P related to J?

a. Mother

b. Grandmother

c. Aunt

d. Data inadequate

Answer- Grandmother

Explanation- P is the mother of K K is the sister of D D is the father of J. Therefore, J is the nephew or niece of K and P is the grandmother of J.

Que- Introducing a man, a woman said, "He is the only son of the mother of my mother." How is the woman related to the man?

a. Mother

b. Sister

c. Niece

d. Maternal aunt

Answer- Niece

Explanation- The man is the only son of the mother of the woman. Hence, the man is the maternal uncle of the woman. So, the woman is the niece of the man.

Que- Pointing to Gopi, Nalni says, "I am the daughter of the only son of his grandfather." How Nalni is related to Gopi?

a. Niece

b. Daughter

c. Sister

d. Cannot be determined

Answer- Sister

Explanation- Nalni is the daughter of the only son of Gopi's grandfather. Hence, it's clear that Nalni is the sister of Gopi.