Blood MCQ Quiz

Blood MCQ Quiz

 Q.  Select the statement about red blood cells that is incorrect. 

A. Mature red blood cells lack nuclei. 

B. Red blood cells contain hemoglobin. 

C. Deoxyhemoglobin carries oxygen. 

D. Red blood cells lack mitochondria. 

Answer- Deoxyhemoglobin carries oxygen.

Q.  The precursor of all lines of blood cells is the _______________. 

A. myeloblast 

B. hemocytoblast 

C. proerythroblast 

D. progranulocyte 

Answer- hemocytoblast

Q.  When red blood cells are worn out, part of their components are recycled while others are disposed. Select the incorrect statement about destruction of red blood cells. 

A. The greenish pigment, biliverdin, is recycled to the bone marrow. 

B. Iron is carried to the bone marrow by a protein called transferrin. 

C. Biliverdin and bilirubin impart color to bile. 

D. Macrophages in the liver and spleen destroy worn out red blood cells. 

Answer- The greenish pigment, biliverdin, is recycled to the bone marrow.

Q.  Which dietary component(s) is/are needed for DNA synthesis, and thus greatly influence the production of red blood cells? 

A. calcium 

B. iron 

C. vitamin B12 and folic acid 

D. protein 

Answer- vitamin B12 and folic acid

Q.  The type of anemia that is fairly common and caused by insufficient dietary iron is ______________. 

A. aplastic anemia 

B. pernicious anemia 

C. hemolytic anemia 

D. iron deficiency anemia 

Answer- iron deficiency anemia

Q.  The type of white blood cell that is often the first to arrive at the site of infection is a granulocyte, and the member of this group that stains light purple is a _______________. 

A. basophil 

B. eosinophil 

C. neutrophil 

D. monocyte 

Answer- neutrophil

Q.  The largest cells in the blood that leave the bloodstream to become macrophages are the _______________. 

A. eosinophils 

B. monocyte 

C. basophil 

D. neutrophil 

Answer- monocyte

Q.  A person with eosinophilia, or greater than normal numbers of eosinophils, is most likely suffering from ____________. 

A. allergies or internal parasites 

B. anemia 

C. an autoimmune disease 

D. diabetes 

Answer- allergies or internal parasites

Q.  An acute infection would show up in a blood count as ______________. 

A. leukopenia 

B. leukocytosis 

C. too few helper T cells 

D. thrombocytopenia 

Answer- leukocytosis

Q.  Which plasma proteins help transport lipids in the bloodstream? 

A. albumins 

B. alpha and beta globulins 

C. fibrinogen 

D. gamma globulins 

Answer- alpha and beta globulins

Q.  Sedentary people with elevated triglyceride levels who continue to eat fatty foods are likely to have high levels of ____________ in their bloodstream. 

A. high-density lipoprotein (HDL) 

B. low-density lipoprotein (LDL) 

C. very-low density lipoprotein (VLDL) 

D. chylomicrons 

Answer- very-low density lipoprotein (VLDL)

Q.  Choose the correct order for the steps of hemostasis. 

A. blood coagulation, platelet plug formation, blood vessel spasm 

B. platelet plug formation, blood coagulation, blood vessel spasm 

C. blood vessel spasm, platelet plug formation, blood coagulation 

D. blood vessel spasm, blood coagulation, platelet plug formation 

Answer- blood vessel spasm, platelet plug formation, blood coagulation

Q.  Which clotting factor is released from damaged tissue, and initiates a chain of clotting events? 

A. prothrombin 

B. thrombin 

C. fibrin 

D. tissue thromboplastin 

Answer- tissue thromboplastin

Q.  A person with type AB blood would have ____________ antigens on red blood cells, and ___________ antibodies carried in the plasma. 

A. A and B; neither anti-A or anti-B 

B. Neither A nor B; both anti-A and anti-B 

C. B; anti-A 

D. A; anti-B 

Answer- A and B; neither anti-A or anti-B

Q.  Erythroblastosis fetalis, also known as hemolytic disease of the newborn, most often occurs in ______________ mothers carrying ______________ fetuses. 

A. Rh+; Rh- 

B. Rh-; Rh+ 

C. Type A; type O 

D. Type B; Type A 

Answer- Rh-; Rh+

Q.  Which blood cell can be described as being a biconcave disc? 

A. platelet 

B. neutrophil 

C. eosinophil 

D. erythrocyte 

Answer- erythrocyte

Q.  The liquid portion of blood is referred to as _____. 

A. whole blood 

B. hematocrit 

C. plasma 

D. serum 

Answer- plasma

Q.  Which of the following does not belong with others? 

A. erythrocyte 

B. serum 

C. leukocyte 

D. platelet 

Answer- serum

Q.  Which of the following directly defines the transportation of oxygen? 

A. hemoglobin 

B. oxyhemoglobin 

C. reduced hemoglobin 

D. red cell count 

Answer- oxyhemoglobin

Q.  Red blood cells survive around _____ days. 

A. 120 

B. 240 

C. 10 

D. 360 

Answer- 120

Q.  What is the average white blood cell count? 

A. 1 million per mm3 

B. 15,000 per cm3 

C. 10,000 per mm3 

D. 8,000 per mm3 

Answer- 10,000 per mm3

Q.  Which of these cell types should not be grouped with the others? 

A. neutrophil 

B. lymphocyte 

C. eosinophil 

D. basophil 

Answer- lymphocyte

Q.  Which white blood cell is not phagocytic? 

A. neutrophil 

B. monocyte 

C. lymphocyte 

D. eosinophil 

Answer- lymphocyte

Q.  Which are the largest of the white blood cells? 

A. lymphocytes 

B. eosinophil 

C. basophil 

D. monocyte 

Answer- monocyte

Q.  Antibodies are defense substances produced by the _____ cells. 

A. T-lymphocyte 

B. monocyte 

C. B-lymphocyte 

D. leukocyte 

Answer- B-lymphocyte

Q.  Which type of condition is directly related to bone marrow suppression? 

A. aplastic anemia 

B. anemia 

C. sickle cell anemia 

D. megaloblastic anemia 

Answer- aplastic anemia

Q. Plasma is about 45% of the total blood volume. 



C. Nothing can be said 

D. None of the mentioned 

Answer- FALSE

Q. Males have more red blood cells than females. 



C. Nothing can be said 

D. None of the mentioned 

Answer- TRUE

Q. The color of feces is likely to be directly related to hemoglobin metabolism. 



C. Nothing can be said 

D. None of the mentioned 

Answer- TRUE

Q. All white bloods retain their nucleus throughout the life of the cell. 



C. Nothing can be said 

D. None of the mentioned 

Answer- TRUE

Q. Monocytes become macrophages as they leave the blood and enter the tissue spaces. 



C. Nothing can be said 

D. None of the mentioned 

Answer- TRUE

Q. Patients with leukemia often suffer clotting abnormalities and internal bleeding. 



C. Nothing can be said 

D. None of the mentioned 

Answer- TRUE

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