English Literature MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions) - Schoolingaxis.com

English Literature MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions)

 Que- Which writer is most closely associated with the serialized novel ? 

a. William Congreve  

b. Ann Radcliffe  

c. Matthew Lewis  

d. Charles Dickens 


Answer- Charles Dickens


Que- Do we now live in an enlightened age? The answer is, 'no,' but we do live in an age of enlightenment. ? 

a. Immanuel Kant  

b. John Locke  

c. David Hume  

d. Denis Diderot 


Answer- Immanuel Kant


Que- Which of the following statements best characterizes Romanticism's relationship to the Enlightenment ? 

a. Romanticism continued the Enlightenment's focus on a universal order best apprehended through reason.  

b. Romanticism challenged the Enlightenment's emphasis on objectivity as the basis of truth.  

c. Romanticism largely abandoned the Enlightenment's hope in progressive political change.  

d. Unlike the Enlightenment, Romanticism deemed the natural world unimportant 


Answer- Romanticism challenged the Enlightenment's emphasis on objectivity as the basis of truth.


Que- The Pre-Raphaelites are best known for which of the following ? 

a. A return to neoclassical aesthetics  

b. Disassociating painting and poetry  

c. Lavish attention to the sensuous elements of life  

d. Rejecting English poetic tradition 


Answer- Lavish attention to the sensuous elements of life


Que- Which of the following ideas does NOT come from Edmund Burke's Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime ? 

a. The effect of the sublime on the physical body  

b. The distinction between the sublime and beauty  

c. An aesthetic explanation of the sublime through painting  

d. The important role surprise plays in creating pleasure 


Answer- The important role surprise plays in creating pleasure


Que- Which of the following events was NOT associated with the Victorian period ? 

a. Repeal of the corn laws  

b. Opium Wars  

c. Great Exhibition  

d. French Revolution 


Answer- French Revolution


Que- In which of the following ways does Radcliffe's The Mysteries of Udolpho combine the features of the Gothic and the sentimental ? 

a. It emphasizes emotion over reason.  

b. It has a didactic moral focus.  

c. There is a focus on a central love story.  

d. All of these answers 


Answer- All of these answers


Que- John Dryden's poem "Annus Mirabilis" emphasizes the solution to which of the following important Restoration problems or events ? 

a. England's power to overcome the recent plague and the great fire of London  

b. The monarch's ability to squelch continuing Puritan resistance  

c. The church's potential to unify the populace after the English revolution  

d. Parliament's ability to restrain the power of the King 


Answer- England's power to overcome the recent plague and the great fire of London


Que- Which of the following best characterizes the ways that Radcliffe's The Mysteries of Udolpho links the Gothic novel with the sentimental form ? 

a. Its use of a medieval setting to reflect on rational progress  

b. Its focus on having readers vicariously experience the dangers that a heroine faces  

c. Its ambivalent treatment of its leading villain  

d. Its use of the sublime 


Answer- Its focus on having readers vicariously experience the dangers that a heroine faces


Que- Which of the following is a requirement of a dramatic monologue ? 

a. It has a speaker as well as an implied reader.  

b. It includes elements of parody.  

c. There is a "spontaneous overflow of emotion."  

d. It is written in common, ordinary language. 


Answer- It has a speaker as well as an implied reader.


Que- How does the Encyclop├ędie best epitomize the mission of the Enlightenment ? 

a. By dismissing all knowledge from outside Europe  

b. By questioning the nature of scientific method  

c. By rejecting the divine right of kings  

d. By emphasizing the idea that gathering knowledge together can lead to human improvement 


Answer- By emphasizing the idea that gathering knowledge together can lead to human improvement


Que- Which of the following statements about Elizabeth Barrett Browning's sonnet 43 ("How do I love thee? Let me count the ways.") is false ? 

a. Sonnet 43 is similar to most other sonnets in its focus on love.  

b. Sonnet 43 is part of a sonnet sequence "Sonnets from the Portuguese."  

c. Sonnet 43 consists of fourteen lines, like other sonnets.  

d. Sonnet 43 is a romantic poem in the same way Wordsworth's "Tintern Abbey" is a romantic poem. 


Answer- Sonnet 43 is a romantic poem in the same way Wordsworth's "Tintern Abbey" is a romantic poem.


Que- Which of the following best defines satire ? 

a. Literature that relies on devices like irony, sarcasm, and humor  

b. A work of literature that attempts to improve society  

c. A text that exposes serious flaws under the veil of comedy  

d. All of these answers 


Answer- All of these answers


Que- The Enlightenment in European history refers to which of the following ? 

a. A period in the 18th century that celebrated industry  

b. The revelation of religious truths through meditation  

c. The power given to absolute monarchs by God  

d. A period in which reason was celebrated as enabling human knowledge and possibly human perfection 


Answer- A period in which reason was celebrated as enabling human knowledge and possibly human perfection


Que- Complete the following sentence. John Dryden's "Mac Flecknoe" reflects a commitment to neoclassical aesthetics through_______________? 

a. its references to Shakespeare.  

b. its commitment to an elevated taste, its use of classical imagery, and its evocation of classic forms.  

c. its scientific ethos and setting in London.  

d. its refusal to mention Shadwell directly. 


Answer- its commitment to an elevated taste, its use of classical imagery, and its evocation of classic forms.


Que- What was the importance of the Reform Bills of 1832 and 1867 ? 

a. They raised the question of whether women should be able to vote.  

b. They allowed new colonization and imperialism efforts.  

c. They established new standards for Victorian morality.  

d. They allowed women to divorce their husbands. 


Answer- They raised the question of whether women should be able to vote.


Que- Complete the following sentence. Shelley's "Ozymandias" can be linked to his "Defence of Poetry" through its_______________? 

a. rejection of traditional form.  

b. portrayal of the power of art to speak truth.  

c. rejection of art's political role.  

d. attempt to link poetry with music. 


Answer- portrayal of the power of art to speak truth.


Que- What was the "Woman Question" in the Victorian Period ? 

a. A debate about whether women should be able to vote  

b. A discussion of women's roles inside and outside the home  

c. A conversation about women's work as a product of the Industrial Revolution  

d. All of these answers 


Answer- All of these answers


Que- How did ideas about the spread of the British Empire start to shift in the Victorian Period ? 

a. Competition between European rivals forced the British to find new trading partners.  

b. Colonizers were no longer necessarily interested in reforming indigenous populations.  

c. People found ways to justify expansion by claiming national superiority.  

d. All of these answers 


Answer- All of these answers


Que- In "Ode to the West Wind," why does Shelley ask the wind to "make me thy lyre" ? 

a. To help drive his ideas across the universe  

b. To help him reach the afterlife  

c. To help him hear nature's music  

d. To help him start a new revolutionary war 


Answer- To help drive his ideas across the universe


Que- John Locke is known for advocating all of the following ideas EXCEPT________________? 

a. social contract theory of government.  

b. blank slate or tabula rasa.  

c. divine authority of kings.  

d. natural political rights. 


Answer- divine authority of kings.


Que- Samuel Richardson's Pamela and Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe similarly reflect the forces giving rise to the novel in which of the following ways ? 

a. Their imperialist settings reflect the interest in faraway lands that led to adventure novels.  

b. Both emphasize romantic relationships that play up the importance of women readers.  

c. Both focus on the struggles of lower or middle-class characters, mirroring the development of a large middle-class readership as consumers.  

d. Their epistolary forms reflect an increasing political interest in subjective feelings. 


Answer- Both focus on the struggles of lower or middle-class characters, mirroring the development of a large middle-class readership as consumers.


Que- Which of the following works is considered to be the first Gothic novel ? 

a. Congreve's The Way of the World  

b. Richardson's Pamela  

c. Radcliffe's The Mysteries of Udolpho  

d. Walpole's The Castle of Otranto 


Answer- Walpole's The Castle of Otranto


Que- Which poet did Arthur Henry Hallum associate with "the picturesque" ? 

a. Alexander Pope  

b. Percy Shelley  

c. Samuel Taylor Coleridge  

d. Alfred Tennyson 


Answer- Alfred Tennyson


Que- Which of the following does NOT accurately describe Robinson Crusoe's and Oroonoko's relationship to central features of the early English novel ? 

a. Where Oroonoko foregrounds supernatural agents, Robinson Crusoe avoids religion completely.  

b. Both are largely set in South America, reflecting the relationship between empire and the early English novel.  

c. Oroonoko seems to defend the aristocracy, where Robinson Crusoe elaborates the struggles of the middle class.  

d. Both make claims to historical veracity. 


Answer- Where Oroonoko foregrounds supernatural agents, Robinson Crusoe avoids religion completely.


Que- What was the "white man's burden" that Kipling speaks of in his poem of the same title ? 

a. The pressure of conforming to preexisting social conventions  

b. The burden of white colonizers who are forced to learn to live in new lands  

c. The Eurocentric idea that the colonizer has a social responsibility to civilize other nations  

d. The concept that all white men do not share the same imperial duties 


Answer- The Eurocentric idea that the colonizer has a social responsibility to civilize other nations


Que- Which of the following statements does NOT accurately characterize a lyric poem ? 

a. The lyric poem is a popular form in the Romantic era.  

b. The lyric poem has a song-like quality.  

c. The lyric poem creates a personal sense of emotion.  

d. The lyric poem focuses on action. 


Answer- The lyric poem focuses on action.


Que- helley expresses all of the following ideas in A Defence of Poetry, EXCEPT______________? 

a. reason can help man understand beauty.  

b. civilization comes through beauty.  

c. language shows humanity's impulse towards order.  

d. poetry has no effect on society. 


Answer- poetry has no effect on society.


Que- Which of the following texts is an example of a sentimental novel ? 

a. Pope's The Rape of the Lock  

b. Swift's "A Modest Proposal"  

c. Richardson's Pamela  

d. Lewis's The Monk 


Answer- Richardson's Pamela


Que- What does the shift in weather in Chapter 23 of Jane Eyre reflect about the plot ? 

a. It functions as a metaphor for the women's rights movement.  

b. It foreshadows a negative shift in mood.  

c. It symbolizes the increase in scientific knowledge.  

d. It acts as an allusion to the importance of nature in the Romantic period. 


Answer- It foreshadows a negative shift in mood.


Que- Complete the following sentence. Unlike many Enlightenment thinkers, Adam Smith and Rousseau_____________? 

a. traveled to America.  

b. believed in God.  

c. emphasized the importance of human emotions as guiding behavior.  

d. rejected Newton's view of the universe. 


Answer- emphasized the importance of human emotions as guiding behavior.


Que- Which of the following does NOT accurately characterize Jane Eyre's relationship to other literary works ? 

a. Like Great Expectations, Jane Eyre addresses the power of wealth and class.  

b. Like "Dover Beach," Jane Eyre mourns the diminishing power of Christian faith.  

c. Through Rochester, Jane Eyre develops a Byronic hero.  

d. Like Great Expectations, Jane Eyre can be read as a bildungsroman. 


Answer- Like "Dover Beach," Jane Eyre mourns the diminishing power of Christian faith.


Que- Complete the following sentence. The opening frame narrative of Frankenstein comes from_______________? 

a. Walton, a failed poet who is attempting to discover the North Pole.  

b. the creature, after he has killed Victor Frankenstein.  

c. Victor Frankenstein's diary.  

d. Mrs. Saville, Frankenstein's cousin. 


Answer- Walton, a failed poet who is attempting to discover the North Pole.


Que- Aphra Behn's Oroonoko is a transitional text in all of the following ways EXCEPT________________? 

a. like a romance, it focuses on an aristocratic character considered superior to average individuals.  

b. like a novel, it tells its story with an emphasis on realistic detail and the everyday passage of time.  

c. like an epic, it involves gods and goddesses.  

d. like a novel, it makes claims to historical realism. 


Answer- like an epic, it involves gods and goddesses.


Que- Complete the following sentence. We can best understand the medieval setting of Walpole's The Castle of Otranto as______________? 

a. revealing his interest in Chaucer.  

b. enabling his 18th-century readers access to a world they would see as less rational.  

c. promoting the rise of museums.  

d. commenting on the French and Indian War. 


Answer- enabling his 18th-century readers access to a world they would see as less rational.


Que- Which of the following characteristics is NOT closely associated with a comedy of manners ? 

a. Witty banter  

b. Epic heroes  

c. Sexual promiscuity  

d. Hidden identities 


Answer- Witty banter


Que- With which text is the term mock-epic most closely associated ? 

a. Wordsworth's "We Are Seven"  

b. Pope's Rape of the Lock  

c. Swift's "A Modest Proposal"  

d. Benn's Oroonoko 


Answer- Pope's Rape of the Lock


Que- How was the philosophical and popular emphasis on sensibility in the 18th century related to the development of the novel ? 

a. Like the novel, it focused on romantic relationships.  

b. Like the novel, it foregrounded abstract reason over experience and emotion.  

c. Like the novel, it emphasized the importance of sympathy and individual feelings.  

d. Like the novel, it demonized the aristocracy. 


Answer- Like the novel, it emphasized the importance of sympathy and individual feelings.


Que- Which of the following novelists was NOT associated with the rise of the novel as a literary form ? 

a. Samuel Richardson  

b. Laurence Sterne  

c. Daniel Defoe  

d. Charles Dickens 


Answer- Charles Dickens


Que- Samuel Johnson's Dictionary of the English Language most reflects an 18thcentury interest in which of the following ? 

a. Classification, order, and judgment  

b. Romantic origins  

c. Linguistic indeterminacy  

d. Subjective experience 


Answer- Classification, order, and judgment


Que- Radcliffe's version of the Gothic differs most from Walpole's in its use of which of the following ? 

a. The sublime  

b. The explained supernatural  

c. Its medieval settings  

d. Its use of mysterious events to spur readers' interests and emotional responses 


Answer- The explained supernatural


Que- Samuel Johnson's Rasselas most fundamentally emphasizes which theme from Johnson's other works or other 18thcentury works ? 

a. The need for linguistic correctness as exemplified in his Dictionary  

b. The promise of universal knowledge as epitomized by the Encyclop├ędie  

c. The ultimate impossibility of achieving happiness, as espoused in his poem "The Vanity of Human Wishes"  

d. The need for self-sufficiency as detailed in novels like Robinson Crusoe 


Answer- The ultimate impossibility of achieving happiness, as espoused in his poem "The Vanity of Human Wishes"


Que- Which event did Percy Shelley call "the master theme of the epoch in which we live" ? 

a. Industrial Revolution  

b. French Revolution  

c. Scientific Revolution  

d. Technological Revolution 


Answer- French Revolution


Que- In Pamela, how does the epistolary style enhance the sentimental aspects of the novel ? 

a. It provides access to the heroine's innermost reactions.  

b. It does not cloud the novel with authorial intrusion that confuses the emotions.  

c. It provides a sense of immediacy because the letters are written in the thick of the action.  

d. All of these answers 


Answer- All of these answers


Que- Complete the following sentence. In the opening lines of Gerard Manley Hopkins's "The Windhover," the words "daylight's dauphin, dapple-dawn-drawn Falcon" ? 

a. are an example of antithesis to suggest the falcon's contradictory nature.  

b. use alliterative language to draw attention to the falcon's importance as a symbol of Christ.  

c. refer to the speaker's heart.  

d. indicate the speaker's lack of faith. 


Answer- use alliterative language to draw attention to the falcon's importance as a symbol of Christ.


Que- How does this quotation from Behn's Oroonoko most suggest its status as an early novel: "I do not pretend, in giving you the history of this Royal Slave, to entertain my reader with adventures of a feigned hero, whose life and fortunes fancy may manage at the poet's pleasure." ? 

a. It focuses on a royal hero.  

b. It denies being imagined in favor of claims of realism.  

c. It focuses on adventures.  

d. It connects to poetry. 


Answer- It denies being imagined in favor of claims of realism.


Que- Robinson Crusoe's isolation on a deserted island allows Defoe to explore his development in which of the following ways ? 

a. His relationship to God and Christianity  

b. His understanding of the basis of economics  

c. His ability to identify with the slaves he has sold  

d. Both A and B 


Answer- Both A and B


Que- Complete the following sentence. Keats's "Ode to a Nightingale" is characteristically Romantic because of_____________? 

a. its focus on his lost love.  

b. its rejection of scientific progress.  

c. its elaboration of the intersecting importance of nature and the imagination.  

d. its development of elements from national folklore. 


Answer- its elaboration of the intersecting importance of nature and the imagination.


Que- Complete the following sentence. Keats's idea of "negative capability" refers to the idea that______________? 

a. certain people are simply incapable of understanding poetry.  

b. the true poet must be comfortable with balancing conflicting ideas.  

c. the poet cannot express anything beyond his own experience.  

d. it is only in the absence of experience that true poetry can emerge. 


Answer- the true poet must be comfortable with balancing conflicting ideas.


Que- Complete the following sentence. The politics of Radcliffe's medieval settings______________? 

a. indicates her longing for the older aristocracy.  

b. suggests her commitment to the Catholic Church.  

c. is at odds with her explicit socialist politics.  

d. implies that contemporary British society has overcome the institutions leading to the horrors its characters experience. 


Answer- implies that contemporary British society has overcome the institutions leading to the horrors its characters experience.

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